Through research and material updates, the best dental implants have evolved throughout the years. Evidence of tooth replacement procedures have been found that date back as far as 600 A.D. in the Mayan Civilization. Progress has been significant, and in 1952, the father of modern dentistry, Dr. Leonard Linkow, placed his first of thousand oral prosthetics.
Professionals in the industry vary in preference as to what material is the best. When enough bone is present, an endosteal procedure will allow the replica piece to be directly adhered to the bone and provide a natural appearance. A subperiosteal restoration is performed when insufficient bone mass is present. A root stand-in is utilized within the gum to keep the new tooth in place.
Historically, titanium has been most frequently utilized due to its strength and capability to fuse to the bone. While pure titanium was the material of choice as far back as the Mayans, it was later found that a titanium alloy is an adequate substitute. This substance is not aesthetically preferred due to its gray coloring. While it remains an option, the use of a ceramic material, Zirconia, is on the rise. With its numerous positive aspects, oral health professionals and patients believe Zirconia produces the best dental implants today. Its biocompatibility allows for a lower amount of allergies and negative effects on the immune system. This zirconium dioxide substance contains low levels of plaque and calculus, letting the gums grow upward for added protection to the surrounding area. Not only does a ceramic replacement successfully attach to the bone, it does not galvanize or corrode. The lack of metal enables a pristine and natural white exterior. It’s a bit more expensive than a titanium version, but the visual benefits alone add to the confidence and satisfaction an oral patient experiences.
Even the best dental implants require high quality material and professional application. To ensure that the procedure is successful proper maintenance and care are imperative.