Decalcification is the result of a waning supply of calcium causing a deficiency in the body. This means that teeth and bones are both affected as well as many other parts of the body. A lack of calcium can lead to death in worst case scenarios.
Decalcification in teeth is sometimes commonly found in someone who has worn braces in the past or someone who has recently just had metal braces removed such as a child. This involves the wearing away, or eroding, of the enamel. This makes the tooth more porous and more susceptible to decay, bacteria, and disease. It is easily identified as white, chalky marks on the teeth. If braces were the reason for this, then there will be an outline, or framing, of the metal bracket which will encase the decalcification areas.
If left untreated, the results may become permanent, but if treated early enough, the tooth or teeth can be hardened with dental procedures to make them less porous.
Decalcification can be avoided by making sure that a proper diet is maintained. One that includes foods that are high in calcium can be extremely beneficial to the bones and the teeth. Foods such as beans, yogurt, milk, cheese and many others when consumed on a daily basis and in recommended daily allowances can make the difference between having a deficiency and being healthy.
There are supplements that can be purchased to aid in the intake of calcium. Tablets are sold at many local retailers such as calcium citrate or calcium carbonate. Calcium is also found in anti-acid tablets that are sold over-the-counter. This might be helpful to menopausal women, people who consume a strict vegetable diet, or those with Anorexia.